You seem to be making a lot of assumptions in the first part of this paragraph -- my upbringing wasn't exactly a comfortable middle class one either for the record, though I don't intend to go into graphic detail about it. Let me make a clear point on the difference between being poor due to illness and being poor due to other reasons: Ill people should be looked after, I wasn't aware anyone was actually debating that. It's up to society to change social issues. Most of the discrimination you're discussing isn't legal anyway. Mostly a musing of mine, that people immediately jump to conclusions of "RACIST" when someone is opposed to immigration without actually thinking about it. Especially considering a good chunk of immigrants to Australia are the same race as I. Also as a side commentary the IELTS exam was basically put into the PR requirements to pacify racists, just saying. All choices have associated pressures and external forces at play, some are larger than others. At this point though our population is such that people shouldn't really be subsidised to increase it. Ignoring for a moment that it's actually illegal to do that, the main reason there's a big disparity in pay is because more men work in the professions where there is a lot of money flying about, WA has the biggest pay disparity for a reason (because women don't generally look to work in mining). Abortion isn't exactly cheap to perform (and puts weight on our health system), thus why I'm generally in favour of spending money to avoid the need where possible; the only way to lower costs is to lower demand so logically we must take sensible steps to do so. Anyone with half a brain knows the US system is significantly hasher on those of poor backgrounds than ours is, Australia also doesn't have anywhere even vaguely close to the levels of urban poverty found (mostly in black communities) in the United States. Illegal immigrants are able to get work in the US, partly because there's a tacit acceptance of them and partly because they work for very little. They're unemployed because there are too many people and not enough jobs for them. We have around a 6% unemployment rate (not to mention our ridiculous underemployment rate), I say we get those people into proper work (provide training as needed) before we start importing any more. Though logically I support appropriate actions being taken for genuine refugees. 1) I acknowledged we export more than we import (though not by a large margin), are you being intentionally dense here. It obviously won't remain that way if our population spikes up. 2) I'm aware of the Pitchford thesis actually, I just don't agree with the argument that privatised debts are sound for the national economy in the long term. Realistically our economy is held up by a mix of government intervention, a real estate bubble (the elephant in the room), and unsustainable Chinese growth. 3) You say it as though to fix our already hanging on by the skin of their teeth infrastructure systems we just need to snap our fingers, these things take both time and money (neither of which are in large supply). I find it pretty dubious to argue that the migration boom from the 70s has been beneficial to anyone without a big presence in the stock market: real wages are down (compare to early 1970s), house prices are comparatively obscene relative to income, income disparity is up, and commutes to work are longer. Rudd was ousted because he didn't work well with anyone. Virtually every major domestic policy change during the Rudd government was bungled: pink batts was inadequately executed (and cost four lives), the "education revolution" was a gigantic waste of money, the CPRS was weak, the IR strategy was too close to work choices for many unions, the SIHIP has utterly failed at building houses, and the economic stimulus while necessary was in many ways allocated poorly. I'm honestly convinced that if heterosexual marriage came up as a legislative item Gillard would've voted that down too by choice. Maybe it's because the Rudd administration spent 3 years navel gazing, making pretty speeches, and bungling policies. Also the NBN was happening regardless of who led Labor.